What Are Cannabinoids and How Do They Differ From Each Other?

What Are Cannabinoids and How Do They Differ From Each Other?

six big cannabinoids


Cannabis is a complex plant with over 100 cannabinoids known to date.
THC, which produces the "high," and cannabidiol (CBD), which has anti-inflammatory and other medicinal properties, receive the majority of the focus.
However, there are additional molecules in the plant, including ones that have mostly gone unnoticed by experts.

Some cannabis users understand the fundamentals of THC and CBD, but many are unaware of the additional components that give marijuana its effects.
Studies have demonstrated that taking cannabinoids combined produces an accompanying effect that is more powerful than any chemical taken alone since the beginning of cannabis study.

As a result, you should educate yourself a little about the lesser-known cannabinoids in order to properly comprehend how they interact with your body.

Cannabinol (CBN)

THC may be broken down into CBN, a cannabinoid with sedative properties, when exposed to heat or natural factors.

CBN may be produced when THC is dried and exposed to air and heat.
This is regarded slightly intoxicating, however research indicates that it is just one-quarter as strong as THC.

CBN has showed potential in the treatment of sleep problems, pain and inflammation relief, and other health problems.

CBN has been demonstrated to have antibacterial effects in cellular models of the illness.
CBN was found to be effective in preventing methicillin-resistant infection (MRSA), an antibiotic-resistant bacterium, in a 2008 trial done in Italy.

Fresh hemp has less CBN-a than older kinds; as the hemp ages, the quantity of CBN rises.

Cannabigerol (CBG)

The mother of all cannabinoids is a term that CBG frequently uses.
This is due to the fact that it serves as a precursor to other cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD.

CBG is often present at lower concentrations than other cannabinoids in most cannabis strains.
For instance, 1% of CBG is present compared to 20–25% of CBD or 25–30% of THC.

Without having the same euphoric effects as THC, CBG has also been used to relieve pain.

Cannabidiol has also been found to offer medicinal benefits, according to research.

Cannabichromene (CBC)

Did you know that the cannabis plant contains the cannabinoid cannabichromene (CBC)?
The fact that CBC is one of "The Big Six" members does not diminish its significance.

Although CBC doesn't make you high as THC does, it is a powerful painkiller.
It differs from other cannabinoids in that it binds ineffectively to CB1 cannabinoid receptors in the brain but can interact with receptors outside of the ECS.

According to research, CBC may be effective in treating a number of illnesses, including as depression and anxiety, pain, inflammation, certain cancers, neurological disorders, and acne.

Cannabidiol (CBD)

One of the main cannabinoids contained in the cannabis plant is cannabidiol (CBD).
Since CBD is non psychoactive, it does not provide a "high."

Several studies have demonstrated that CBD contains numerous neuroprotective and antioxidant compounds that are vital for human health. As a result, CBD is widely utilized in healthcare facilities to treat more than 50 medical disorders, including ADHD, Alzheimer's disease, addictions, and anxiety.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)

Tetrahydrocannabinol, also known as THC, is the molecule that gives cannabis most of its mental effects.
It functions very similarly to the body's own naturally occurring cannabinoids.

THC binds to cannabinoid receptors in the brain, which subsequently affects neurons that affect sense of time, coordination, memory, and pleasure.

According to research, THC may be used to treat a number of illnesses, including pain management.
Additionally, recreational usage might result in feelings of relaxation and exhilaration.

Tetrahydrocannabivarin (THCV)

A lesser-known cannabinoid called THCV is present in cannabis and has a variety of special effects and advantages.

The chemical structure and psychotropic effects of THCV are comparable to those of THC, although it has a wider range of effects.

For those who enjoy using vaporizers: Since THCV has a boiling point of 428 °F (220 °C), you will need to use a higher setting than you would for THC, its more familiar cousin.

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